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What is a drop test in packaging?

Within one of the countries with the highest volume of merchandise exchange, such as the US, being able to conduct package drop testing becomes of utmost importance. These tests evaluate how a container or packaging can withstand impacts or drops during transportation and handling.

Through these tests, companies ensure product durability and reliability while complying with stringent packaging regulations and standards in the country.

Why is Important to Conduct Package Drop Testing?

Product Protection

Drop testing helps assess how well the packaging can protect the product from potential damage during handling and transportation.

Customer Satisfaction

Reliable packaging prevents product breakage, ensuring customers receive their items in perfect condition, leading to higher satisfaction and repeat business.

Cost Reduction

By identifying weak points in the packaging early on, companies can avoid costly returns, replacements, or damaged goods.

Compliance and Standards

Many industries have specific packaging standards and regulations, and drop testing ensures compliance with these requirements.

Quality Assurance

Drop testing is an essential part of quality control, enabling manufacturers to maintain consistent product quality.

Risk Mitigation

Understanding potential vulnerabilities reduce the risk of liability claims and product recalls due to damaged goods.

Innovation and Improvement

Testing provides valuable insights for packaging designers, helping them innovate and enhance packaging materials and designs.

Best Equipment

Conduct Package Drop Testing: What standards enable compliance?

International product transportation organizations are at the forefront of establishing crucial drop test standards to guarantee the safe and reliable transportation of goods. One such standard is the ASTM D4169 protocol, which outlines precise procedures for conducting drop or impact tests that closely mimic the real shipping and handling environment. Additionally, it provides essential guidelines for packaging tests in single parcel delivery systems, accompanied by the collection of pertinent data for analysis.

These standards are further reinforced by various ISTA drop test procedures, including 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1G, 1H, 2A, 2B, 2C, 3A, 3B, 3F, 3K, 4, and the 6-FEDEX and 6-SAMSCLUB series, each specifying specific drop testing methods tailored to different packaging scenarios.

Of notable importance are the ISTA-6-AMAZON.COM procedures, as Amazon mandates sellers using their distribution system to undergo these tests to obtain the Frustration-Free certification in order to minimize packaging waste and costs.

Complying with standards like ASTM D4169 and EN 15552:2008 is pivotal, as it ensures that packaging can endure real-world impacts during shipping and handling. The significance of obtaining such certification is ever-increasing, as it not only guarantees product safety but also aligns with the requirements set by major online retailers. Manufacturers and sellers must prioritize conducting drop tests as part of their packaging quality assurance measures to maintain customer satisfaction, minimize damages during transit, and gain a competitive advantage in the dynamic global market.

How to Conduct Package Drop Testing for Product Durability

The procedure for conducting packaging drop tests may vary based on standards, load characteristics, and compliance requirements.

Key variables in these tests include:

1. Height of the Drop: The height of the fall, typically ranging from 100mm to 450mm (and up to 900mm in stringent cases), replicates the handling of products by workers. Ergonomic considerations, package measurements, and weight determine the drop height.

2. Position of the Cargo during Drop: To evaluate common impact areas, packages are dropped from different positions, including the base, edges, and corners. Flat products are tested on all sides.

3. Number of Drops: Generally, a package undergoes six drops, with an optional extra series of six drops. Each drop occurs on a different area of the package, assessing damages during the distribution cycle.

These variables are tailored to the product type and the level of hazard it may encounter during transportation. Compliance with certain standards may require three different testing levels, leading to varying heights, orientations, and drop quantities, resulting in a comprehensive range of scenarios. The objective of the drop test procedure is to determine the package’s consistency in safeguarding the product. A test is considered successful if a visual inspection shows that the package effectively protected the product after the drop.

Safe Load Testing is the solution to Conduct Package Drop Testing

Our innDrop offer five efficient models, tailored to handle different types of cargo and volumes:

  • Model DP100: Ideal for smaller goods, supporting packages up to 100kg (220lb)
  • Model DP250: Ideal for bigger goods, supporting packages up to 250kg (551lb)
  • Model DP500: Capable of testing packages up to 500kg (1,102lb)
  • Model DP1000: Designed for larger loads, accommodating packages up to 1,000kg (2,204 lb)
  • Model DP1500: Well-suited for mid-sized packages, capable of handling up to 1,500kg (3, 306lb)

The innDrop is cutting-edge testing equipment with impressive technical specifications. It can withstand drop heights of up to 2 meters, ensuring robustness and reliability. The device features a sturdy steel impact surface, capable of handling various test scenarios.

With an intuitive touchscreen controller, users can effortlessly manage and monitor the drop tests. One of its standout capabilities is the ability to control the drop orientation, allowing for versatile testing options. To maintain a noise-free testing environment, the Inndrop is equipped with hydraulic dumpers, ensuring smooth and controlled drops.

Moreover, its exceptional design guarantees repeatability, ensuring consistent and accurate results with every test conducted. Whether in research and development or quality control applications, the Inndrop proves to be a valuable asset in assessing product durability and resilience.

Learn how our machines work

Discover the reliability and efficiency of our cutting-edge drop test machines. Ensure the safety of your cargo during transportation with our versatile models designed to meet various needs.